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This is a list of recoilless rifles (RCLs) intended to catalogue these lightweight infantry support weapons that allow the firing of a heavier projectile than would be practical with a recoiling artillery gun. By the early 1950s, advances in nuclear weapons development, spurred by the Cold War and the Soviet Union’s detonation of an atomic bomb in 1949, allowed for great reductions in the size and weight of nuclear warheads. "W" Names - … Soldier firing a 57mm M18A1 recoilless rifle from the shoulder. Intended primarily as an anti-tank weapon, it could also be employed in an antipersonnel role with the use of an antipersonnel-tracer flechette round.

Locator App in Production for Commemorative Bricks and More. Limitations include its long barrel and a major backblast signature and hazard (smoke, dust, flash, and debris after firing). Due to its oblong shape, some soldiers referred to the projectile as the “atomic watermelon.”  The M388 carried the W54 warhead, the smallest nuclear weapon deployed by U.S. armed forces. Surplus Technically, only devices that use a rifled barrel are recoilless rifles. Both variants fire the 76-pound M388 atomic projectile, which had a diameter of eleven inches and a length of thirty-one inches. Additional work on what was now referred to as the Battle Group Atomic Delivery System (BGADS) was conducted at Rock Island Arsenal, Illinois; Frankford Arsenal, Pennsylvania; Watervliet Arsenal, New York; Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland; Lake City Arsenal, Missouri; and Watertown Arsenal, Massachusetts. The M-50 Ontos self-propelled anti-tank artillery, based on a light chassis developed for airborne operations, was mounted with six M40A1 or M40A2 106 mm recoilless rifles. Soldiers were also encouraged to keep their heads down to protect themselves from the warhead’s detonation. The Army Historical Foundation is the designated official fundraising organization for the National Museum of the United States Army. Then click the Search button. "C" Names "I" Names The 90 mm recoilless rifle, M67, was a lightweight, portable, crew-served weapon intended primarily as an antitank or antipersonnel weapon designed to be fired from the ground using the bipod, monopod, or metal frame shoulder stock. The recoilless rifle is a light weight artillery weapon carried by infantry for anti-tank fire or to assault fixed positions. Eventually the lighter M28 was phased out and replaced by the M29 in all Davy Crockett-equipped units. Military Issue equipment, clothing, boots, MREs, MOLLE gear and much more. The recoilless rifle is a light weight artillery weapon carried by infantry for anti-tank fire or to assault fixed positions. The two devices dropped on Japan, the “Little Boy” and the “Fat Man,” were large, cumbersome weapons, each with a weight of over 10,000 pounds and a length of approximately ten feet.

Davy Crockett units were also deployed to Guam, Hawaii, Okinawa, and South Korea.

” —F. Smoothbore variants are recoilless guns. The M18 was used by Marines in Okinawa as well as in Korea until replaced by the more effective 3.5 inch M20 bazooka with its HEAT round. 9th Infantry, 2nd Infantry Division in Korea, 5 September 1951. For Ordnance officials, the ideal system would be an easily transportable weapon carrying a simple nuclear warhead with a sub-kiloton yield, and having a range of 500 to 4,000 yards. spotting rifle.

The development of nuclear weapons during World War II, and their use against the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, ushered in a new, and potentially cataclysmic, age of warfare. The light recoil made it possible to fire them from the shoulder, a tripod, or smaller vehicles such as a jeep. It is an oscillating turret with a 155mm T180 in a turret that is visually similar to the T57 or T77. Books/Art/Photos Little Feller I also marked the last above-ground nuclear test at the Nevada Test Range. "Z" Names. The warhead detonated at a height of approximately twenty feet and at a distance of 1.7 miles from the launcher. "B" Names A recoilless gun or rifle is a lightweight weapon that fires a heavier projectile that would be impractical to fire from a recoiling weapon of comparable size. "Y" Names The M28 had a range of approximately 1.25 miles (2 kilometers), while the larger M29 could launch a projectile out to 2.5 miles (4 kilometers). "D" Names One weapon, the M3 Carl Gustav, has brought the recoilless rifle back into the U.S. arsenal as a weapon for Special Operations.

Nevertheless, what the Davy Crockett lacked in accuracy it made up for in power, although the initial radiation created by the detonation of the W54 warhead would be as lethal to the enemy, if not more so, than the heat and blast effects. Only the B-29 Superfortress had the capability of carrying and dropping these bombs, and they had little tactical use on the battlefield. A switch on the warhead allowed the crew to select the height of detonation. Its maximum range was about 2200 yards (meters) but effective in the range 450-800 yards (meters). The Davy Crockett was produced in two variants: the “light” M28 120mm recoilless rifle and the “heavy” M29 155mm recoilless rifle. The M40A1 and M40A2 recoilless rifles succeeded the M40 and were used extensively by the USMC in Vietnam. The M27 design was unsatisfactory and was replaced with the 106 mm M40 RR by the early sixties. Videos The M67 was used extensively in Vietnam, especially against bunkers and other fortifications. The M28 had a range of approximately 1.25 miles (2 kilometers), while the larger M29 could launch a projectile out to 2.5 miles (4 kilometers). Cañon CITER 155mm, tiro de practica y de combate (EA) - Duration: 0:44. All Types"A" Names It was light enough to be fired from the shoulder, although heavier than a bazooka. After firing a “spotting” round from either a 20 mm (M28) or a 37 mm (M29) gun attached to the Davy Crockett launch tube to determine the proper distance and angle for the target, the crew inserted the propellant charge down the muzzle, followed by a metal piston. The U.S. Army developed a new recoilless rifle, the 105 mm M27, fielded in 1952. It is an oscillating turret with a 155mm T180 in a turret that is visually similar to the T57 or T77. The W54 weighed fifty-one pounds and had an explosive yield of .01-.02 kilotons of TNT (the equivalent of approximately 10-20 tons). For good results, try entering this: recoilless rifle. "N" Names The RR ammunition looks like an artillery round but with "swiss cheese" vent holes in the case allowing escape of the gasses that propel the round. While Ordnance officials explored as many as twenty potential delivery systems, including guided missiles, standard artillery, and mortars, the Army settled on a recoilless rifle system, which offered the simplest and lightest option. Militaria We were established in 1983 as a member-based, charitable 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.

We were established in 1983 as a member-based, charitable 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. The reason for this is that TP projectiles must match the ballistics of the tactical round so troops can learn to hit their targets. Figure 28 106mm recoilless rifle M346A1 HEP projectile {1960s}. The smoothbore variants (those devoid of rifling) are termed recoilless guns. Its design included a parallel mouned M-8C .50 cal. It then loaded the sub-caliber spigot on the rear of the M388 projectile into the barrel of the launcher like a rifle grenade. Today, a number of Davy Crockett systems can be found in several museums throughout the United States, including the Don F. Pratt Museum at Fort Campbell, Kentucky; the National Museum of Nuclear Science and History in Albuquerque, New Mexico; and the West Point Museum at West Point, New York. The same warhead was also used in the Special Atomic Demolition Munition and the Air Force’s AIM-26 Falcon air-to-air missile. Upon firing, the M388 left the launcher with a great bang and large cloud of white smoke, reaching a speed of 100 miles per hour. 106 mm M40 Recoilless Rifle mounted on M-151A1C Weapons Platform in Vietnam. Since the warhead also posed a threat to the crew firing it, the Army recommended that soldiers manning the Davy Crockett select firing positions in sheltered locations, such as the rear slope of a hill. The larger M29, weighing in at 440 pounds, was often carried by an M113 armored personnel carrier (APC), but it was fired only from a tripod mounted on the ground near the vehicle, not from the APC itself. Aviation There are many fine websites that have additional information on this This page last modified 12 October 2011. topic, too many to list here and too many to keep up with as they come and go. When wire guided missles became the preferred anti-tank weapon in the U.S. Military after Vietnam, the recoilless rifle was phased out. Whole cities could now be destroyed in a matter of seconds by a single weapon. © Copyright 1998-2020 by Olive-Drab.com LLC. The M20 was fielded in both the ETO and Pacific Theater during World War II in 1945. Like most websites today, Olive-Drab.com requires Javascript to function. "U" Names You can read it here. In the U.S. military, the recoilless rifle was first used toward the end of World War II. While the Army conducted dozens of live-fire tests of the Davy Crockett with training rounds, only two live M388 atomic projectiles were detonated. This is a list of recoilless rifles intended to catalogue these lightweight infantry support weapons that allow the firing of a heavier projectile than would be practical with a recoiling artillery gun. Navy The test was conducted in conjunction with Operation IVY FLATS, a series of maneuvers to train soldiers in nuclear battlefield conditions. "M" Names It was effective but had many drawbacks, including exposing the crew as they dismounted to reload. Recoilless Rifle.

Work on the project commenced at Picatinny Arsenal in New Jersey in January 1958. Its HEAT projectiles were effective against four inches of armor at up to 7000 yards (meters) range, a considerable improvement over the M18 57 mm RR. The LG 40-1 version was built using an aluminium/magnesium alloy mounting, but the LG 40-2 replaced it with ordinary steel as light alloys became too valuable later in the war. During the Cold War, as the U.S. Navy and Air Force maintained America’s strategic nuclear arsenal of long-range bombers and submarine and land-based ballistic missiles, the Army focused on the development and deployment of tactical nuclear weapons for possible use on the battlefield. "G" Names

War-Prac: Mighty M40A1 106mm Recoilless Rifle-In-Action! Find at Amazon: 

The Army Historical Foundation is the designated official fundraising organization for the National Museum of the United States Army. It was fired from the same tripod used with the M1917A1 .30 machine gun.

Figure 29 shows different TP projectiles. Thanks to Martin Albright for useful suggetions leading to this photo. "F" Names After firing, four fins on the round’s tail popped out to stabilize it in flight. The M28 launcher weighed 185 pounds. NMUSA Is Proud to Be New Military History Destination in Fairfax County, On Point Digital Edition – September 2020. "Q" Names Vehicles "X" Names This was followed by nuclear-tipped Corporal and Honest John missiles. Military Issue equipment, clothing, boots, MREs, MOLLE gear and much more. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'olive_drab_com-banner-1','ezslot_7',361,'0','0']));The 105/106mm RRs were used with tripods, but were quite heavy to be man carried. "H" Names In August 1958, the Army officially began to refer to the BGADS as the Davy Crocket, after the American folk hero, frontiersman, and politician who died at the Alamo in 1836, though the name had been used months earlier.



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