Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Kyrie dates all the way back to 4th century Jerusalem and pagan antiquity. Sign up for the Also could be from the Greek kyrios, meaning “lord”. It may also be accompanied by music. By choosing I Accept, you consent to our use of cookies and other tracking technologies. It harkens back to the earliest years of the Church, when the members of the Church in Rome themselves used Greek, and Greek was the language of worship until about the middle of the third century. Corrections? In the New Testament, Kyrie is the title given to Christ, as in Philippians 2:11. Matthew 7:21 N-VMS GRK: λέγων μοι Κύριε κύριε εἰσελεύσεται NAS: who says to Me, 'Lord, Lord,' KJV: unto me, Lord, Lord, INT: says to me Lord Lord will enter. Now that we have that all cleared up, who wants to know what you do with an aspersorium? LiveAbout uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. It is believed that any beyond that would be too redundant. Any response will be greatly appreciated here. In the 8th century, The Ordo of St. Amand set the limit at nine repetitions (which is still commonly used today). As a rule, each of the acclamations is said twice (e.g. Anyways, being this world's smartest human, I figured it would be a good idea to send this your way and see if you could shed some light on what those words might mean. The word Kyrie is used in the Septuagint, the earliest Greek translation of the Old Testament, to translate the Hebrew word Yahweh. The best of The Straight Dope, delivered to your inbox. What Does Kyrie Mean and History? It sets the stage perfectly for the voluminous Gloria, which follows it.

The Kyrie is actually a transliteration, using the Latin alphabet to spell out a Greek word (Κύριε ἐλέησον). In the 5th century, Pope Gelasius I substituted a litany for the Common Prayer of the Church with the Kyrie as the people's response. Given the context I'm pretty sure it's not a a name, but I havent been able to find its meaning in any language dictionary I've looked through (about 50 or so). The word Kyrie is used in the Septuagint, the earliest Greek translation of the Old Testament, to translate the Hebrew word Yahweh. The Kyrie was finally incorporated into the Latin sacramentary in the sixth century for Matins, Mass and Vespers, according to Canon 3 of the Synod of Vaison (529). We use cookies and other tracking technologies to improve your browsing experience on our site, show personalized content and targeted ads, analyze site traffic, and understand where our audiences come from. A female form of Cyrus, which is either derived from the Greek form of the Persian name Kûrush, which could be from khur, meaning “sun”. In the 1985 song by MR Mister "Kyrie," the lead singer keeps mention a "Kyrie Eleison."

Kyrie, the vocative case of the Greek word kyrios (“lord”). How did “nuts” and “bananas” come to mean “crazy”? Over the centuries, the Kyrie has also been incorporated into a number of classical music pieces that were inspired by the Mass. Does "The Twelve Days of Christmas" Have a Hidden Meaning? Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Kyria is pronounced ky-ree'-ah. A STAFF REPORT FROM THE STRAIGHT DOPE SCIENCE ADVISORY BOARD. Written in Latin, you only need to learn two lines, making the English translation even easier to memorize. As part of the Greek formula Kyrie eleison (“Lord, have mercy”), the word is used as a preliminary petition before a formal prayer and as a congregational response in the liturgies of many Christian churches. Different forms of the Mass —from the Ordinary Mass to the Traditional Latin Mass—uses various repetitions. THOUGH THE SDSAB DOES ITS BEST, THESE COLUMNS ARE EDITED BY ED ZOTTI, NOT CECIL, SO ACCURACYWISE YOU'D BETTER KEEP YOUR FINGERS CROSSED. In the New Testament, Kyrie is the title given to Christ, as in Philippians 2:11. Please also read our Privacy Notice and Terms of Use, which became effective December 20, 2019. The second epistle of John is addressed to "Electa Kyria".

I remember it like it was yesterday.

Aaron M. Green is an expert on classical music and music history, with more than 10 years of both solo and ensemble performance experience.

Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Eucharist, in Christianity, ritual commemoration of Jesus’ Last Supper with his disciples, at which (according to tradition) he gave them bread with the words, “This is my body,” and wine with the words, “This is my blood.” The story of the institution of the Eucharist by Jesus on the night before…, Sacrament, religious sign or symbol, especially associated with Christian churches, in which a sacred or spiritual power is believed to be transmitted through material elements viewed as channels of divine grace.

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